Images from Belfast Telegraph, North Wales Live, and MSN.

‘The innoculation of most Europeans against the original fascism by its public shaming in 1945 is necessarily temporary. The taboos of 1945 have necessarily faded with the disappearance of the eye-witness generation. In any event, a fascism of the future... need not resemble classical fascism perfectly in its outward signs and symbols... For example, while a new fascism would necessarily diabolise some enemy, both internal and external, the enemy would necessarily be Jews. An authentically popular American fascism would be pious, antiblack, and, since September 11, 2001, anti-Islamic as well; in Western Europe, secular and, in these days, more likely anti-Islamic than anti-Semitic; in Russia and Eastern Europe, religious, anti-Semitic, Slavophile, and anti-Western. New fascisms would probably prefer the mainstream patriotic dress of their own place and time to alien swastikas or fasces. The British moralist George Orwell noted in the 1930s that an authentic British fascism would come reassuringly clad in sober English dress.’

Robert Paxton, The Anatomy of Fascism. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 2004.